China Custom Manufacture Casting Steel Auto Part Casting Machinery Part with Great quality

Product Description

Material  ductile Iron,; Grey Iron,; Stainless steel,; Steel,; Aluminum,; Alloy,; etc.;
Capacity 500 tons per month
Standard GB,; ASTM,; DIN,; JIS,; ISO etc.; 
Inspection  foundry in home,; third part inspection,; material report UT,; MT,; RT and PT,; etc.;
Finished painting,; polishing,; plating,; powder coating,; etc.;
Packing Standard wooden or carton package with bubble form or assigned by the customer
Payment TT or L/C
Payment term 30% down payment and 70% before delivery base on FOB HangZhou
Delivery Period around 30 days after receive the down payment

Our advantage
1.;We offer OEM and ODM service.;
2.;High quality iron and metal casting manufacturer.;
3.;Experienced technical and inspection team.;
4.;Abundant experience in exporting casting products.;
5.;Regularly production reports.;

Packing and delivery
Packing:; Standard export packaging (Wooden,; steel,; carton case or pallet );
Shipping:;sea freight,; air freight,; express 

Company Infomation
HangZhou Xin Rong CZPT Casting Co.;,; Ltd was established in 1993( originally named HangZhou Rongxiang Casting plant);.; This is 1 of the leading OEM foundry with over 20 years experience in this field.; We specialized in sand casting,; metal casting,; shell mold casting etc.; 
Facilities:; shell core machines,; melting furnaces,; shot blast chambers,; grinding machines,; checkout chemical,; examination equipment,; CZPT front analyzer brinell hardness testers,; CNC machining center.;
Products including:; Auto parts (steering knuckle / spindle,; brake disc,; brake drum,; wheel hub,; motor cover,; impeller,; pulley,; gear,; valve,; etc.;); kitchenware (gas stove parts,; pan support,; floor drain etc.;); Garden protection ( wrought iron gate,; fence parts,; etc.;); road construction ( manhole cover,; road floor drain,; etc.;); pipe fitting etc.; 

Our Services
 1.; We will ensure you that we will reply you within 12 hours for any questions about our products or quotation.;
  2.; We will provide you the reasonable quotation
  3.; we are follow the trade assurance mission which is ensure the on-time shipment and pre shipment product quality.; 
  4.; All of the technical detail,; drawings are confidential ,; unless we receive your permit in writing
  5.; the sample will be provided according to your request.; The sample cost and the freight cost will be shouldered by the customer,; the sample is refundable when you place the volume order.; 

FAQ
1.; Q:; Are you a factory or trading company?
   We’re a manufacturer with over 20 years of experience in casting.;
2.; Q:; How does your factory handle quality control?
   We are ISO9001 certified and product quality is our priority.;We will test all our raw material before production,; and have third party to do the professional inspection.;
3.; Q:;How to deal with the defective product?
   a.; We will need you to fill up the product defective form with some pictures,; we might also request for a sample of the defective product ( we will take care of the freight cost if it is manufacturing defective);
   b.; We will check and solve the issue,; then repair the defective items or send the replacement accordingly.; 
   c.; We are willing to comply with customer’s reasonable requests.;
 

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China Custom Manufacture Casting Steel Auto Part Casting Machinery Part     with Great qualityChina Custom Manufacture Casting Steel Auto Part Casting Machinery Part     with Great quality