China OEM AISI 4140 Alloy Steel/42CrMo4/42crmos4/1.7225/Scm440/42CrMo/Flat Bar/Steel Block/Round Bar wholesaler

Product Description

AISI 4140 Alloy Steel | 42CrMo4 | 42CrMoS4 | 1.7225 | SCM440 | 42CrMo

Ningshing Special-Steel is the leading stockist of AISI 4140 alloy steel. We have running stock of solid round bars dia.16-300mm, steel plate size of 14-150 x 2000-2300mm. Annealed or Prehardened condition. We can also do furthur machining as per customers’ requirement.

AISI/SAE 4140 Alloy Steel is a versatile alloy with good atmospheric corrosion resistance and reasonable strength. It shows good overall combinations of strength, toughness, wear resistance and fatigue strength.

Dimensions
Hot Rolled Round: dia.16-300 mm
Forged Round: dia.150-1200 mm
Cold Drawn Round: dia.6-30 mm
Hot Rolled Plate: 10-150 x 2000-2300 mm
Forged Block: 150-1000 x 200-1900 mm

Delivery Condition
EAF+LF+VD, Hot Rolled or Forged or Cold Drawn, Annealed or Q+T, Black surface or Machined surface, UT SEP1921 Class3 C/c or D/d

Equivalence

AISI / SAE DIN / W.Nr JIS GB
4140 42CrMo4 / 42CrMoS4 / 1.7225 SCM440 42CrMo
Other designations equivalent to AISI 4140 alloy steel are listed in the following table.
AMS 6349 ASTM A193 (B7, B7M) ASTM A506 (4140) ASTM A752 (4140)
AMS 6381 ASTM A194 (7, 7M) ASTM A513 ASTM A829
AMS 6382 ASTM A29 (4140) ASTM A513 (4140) SAE J1397 (4140)
AMS 6390 ASTM A320 (L7, L7M, L7D) ASTM A519 (4140) SAE J404 (4140)
AMS 6395 ASTM A322 (4140) ASTM A646 (4140) SAE J412 (4140)
AMS 6529 ASTM A331 (4140) ASTM A711  

Chemical Composition (%)

Steel Grade C Si Mn P S Cr Mo
42CrMo4 0.38-0.45 ≤ 0.40 0.60-0.90 ≤ 0.035 ≤ 0.035 0.90-1.20 0.15-0.30
1.7225
42CrMoS4 0.38-0.45 ≤ 0.40 0.60-0.90 ≤ 0.035 0.571-0.040 0.90-1.20 0.15-0.30
4140 0.38-0.43 0.15-0.35 0.75-1.00 ≤ 0.035 ≤ 0.040 0.80-1.10 0.15-0.25
SCM440 0.38-0.43 0.15-0.35 0.60-0.85 ≤ 0.035 ≤ 0.040 0.90-1.20 0.15-0.30
42CrMo 0.38-0.45 0.17-0.37 0.50-0.80 ≤ 0.035 ≤ 0.035 0.90-1.20 0.15-0.25

Applications
AISI 4140 Alloy Steel is used for as wide variety of applications where greater toughness and wear resistance is needed over lower carbon grades. Typical applications for 4140 tool steel uses include Components, Adapters, Arbors,strippers, holder blocks, mold bases, ejectors, back up and support tooling, fixtures, jigs, molds, cams, drill collars, Axle Shafts, Bolts, Crankshafts,stubs, couplings, reamer bodies, axles, shafting, piston rods, rams, hydraulic machinery shafts, gears, sprockets, gear racks, chain links, spindles, tool bodies, tool holders, tie rods, Connection Rods, Chuck Bodies, Collets, Conveyor Pins & Rolls, Ejector Pins, Forks, Gears, Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Rods, Hydraulic Shafts & Parts, Lathe Spindles, Logging Parts, Milling Spindles, Motor Shafts, Nuts, Pinch Bars, Pinions, Pump Shafts,boring bars,tracks, slides, wear strips or parts, forming dies, brake dies, trim dies, bolsters, machinery parts and components, etc.

Mechanical Properties

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength 655 MPa 95000 psi
Yield strength 415 MPa 65710 psi
Bulk modulus(typical for steel) 140 GPa 20300 ksi
Shear modulus (typical for steel) 80 GPa 11600 ksi
Elastic modulus 190-210 GPa 27557-3 0571 ksi
Poisson’s ratio 0.27-0.30 0.27-0.30
Elongation at break (in 50 mm) 25.70% 25.70%
Hardness, Brinell 197 197
Hardness, Knoop (converted from Brinell hardness) 219 219
Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Brinell hardness) 92 92
Hardness, Rockwell C (converted from Brinell hardness. Value below normal HRC range, for comparison purposes only) 13 13
Hardness, CZPT (converted from Brinell hardness) 207 207
Machinability (based on AISI 1212 as 100 machinability) 65 65

Fabrication & Heat Treatment
Machinability
AISI 4140 alloy steel has good machinability in the annealed condition.

Forming
AISI 4140 alloy steel has high ductility. It can be formed using conventional techniques in the annealed condition. It requires more pressure or force for forming because it is tougher than plain carbon steels.

Welding
AISI 4140 alloy steel can be welded using all conventional techniques. However, the mechanical properties of this steel will be affected if it is welded in the heat treated condition, and post weld heat treatment should be performed.

Heat Treament
AISI 4140 alloy steel is heated at 845°C (1550°F) followed by quenching in oil. Before hardening, it can be normalized by heating at 913°C (1675°F) for a long period of time followed by air cooling.

Forging
AISI 4140 alloy steel is forged at 926 to 1205°C (1700 to 2200°F)

Hot Working
AISI 4140 alloy steel can be hot worked at 816 to 1038°C (1500 to 1900°F)

Cold Working
AISI 4140 alloy steel can be cold worked using conventional methods in the annealed condition.

Annealing
AISI 4140 alloy steel is annealed at 872°C (1600°F) followed by slowly cooling in the furnace.

Tempering
AISI 4140 alloy steel can be tempered at 205 to 649°C (400 to 1200°F) depending upon the desired hardness level. The hardness of the steel can be increased if it has lower tempering temperature. For example, tensile strength of 225 ksi cab be achieved by tempering at 316°C (600°F), and a tensile strength of 130 ksi can be achieved by tempering at 538°C (1000°F).

Hardening
AISI 4140 alloy steel can be hardened by cold working, or heating and quenching.

 

 

 

 

Applications of Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a highly effective means of connecting 2 or more components. These types of couplings are very efficient, as they combine linear motion with rotation, and their efficiency makes them a desirable choice in numerous applications. Read on to learn more about the main characteristics and applications of spline couplings. You will also be able to determine the predicted operation and wear. You can easily design your own couplings by following the steps outlined below.
splineshaft

Optimal design

The spline coupling plays an important role in transmitting torque. It consists of a hub and a shaft with splines that are in surface contact without relative motion. Because they are connected, their angular velocity is the same. The splines can be designed with any profile that minimizes friction. Because they are in contact with each other, the load is not evenly distributed, concentrating on a small area, which can deform the hub surface.
Optimal spline coupling design takes into account several factors, including weight, material characteristics, and performance requirements. In the aeronautics industry, weight is an important design factor. S.A.E. and ANSI tables do not account for weight when calculating the performance requirements of spline couplings. Another critical factor is space. Spline couplings may need to fit in tight spaces, or they may be subject to other configuration constraints.
Optimal design of spline couplers may be characterized by an odd number of teeth. However, this is not always the case. If the external spline’s outer diameter exceeds a certain threshold, the optimal spline coupling model may not be an optimal choice for this application. To optimize a spline coupling for a specific application, the user may need to consider the sizing method that is most appropriate for their application.
Once a design is generated, the next step is to test the resulting spline coupling. The system must check for any design constraints and validate that it can be produced using modern manufacturing techniques. The resulting spline coupling model is then exported to an optimisation tool for further analysis. The method enables a designer to easily manipulate the design of a spline coupling and reduce its weight.
The spline coupling model 20 includes the major structural features of a spline coupling. A product model software program 10 stores default values for each of the spline coupling’s specifications. The resulting spline model is then calculated in accordance with the algorithm used in the present invention. The software allows the designer to enter the spline coupling’s radii, thickness, and orientation.
splineshaft

Characteristics

An important aspect of aero-engine splines is the load distribution among the teeth. The researchers have performed experimental tests and have analyzed the effect of lubrication conditions on the coupling behavior. Then, they devised a theoretical model using a Ruiz parameter to simulate the actual working conditions of spline couplings. This model explains the wear damage caused by the spline couplings by considering the influence of friction, misalignment, and other conditions that are relevant to the splines’ performance.
In order to design a spline coupling, the user first inputs the design criteria for sizing load carrying sections, including the external spline 40 of the spline coupling model 30. Then, the user specifies torque margin performance requirement specifications, such as the yield limit, plastic buckling, and creep buckling. The software program then automatically calculates the size and configuration of the load carrying sections and the shaft. These specifications are then entered into the model software program 10 as specification values.
Various spline coupling configuration specifications are input on the GUI screen 80. The software program 10 then generates a spline coupling model by storing default values for the various specifications. The user then can manipulate the spline coupling model by modifying its various specifications. The final result will be a computer-aided design that enables designers to optimize spline couplings based on their performance and design specifications.
The spline coupling model software program continually evaluates the validity of spline coupling models for a particular application. For example, if a user enters a data value signal corresponding to a parameter signal, the software compares the value of the signal entered to the corresponding value in the knowledge base. If the values are outside the specifications, a warning message is displayed. Once this comparison is completed, the spline coupling model software program outputs a report with the results.
Various spline coupling design factors include weight, material properties, and performance requirements. Weight is 1 of the most important design factors, particularly in the aeronautics field. ANSI and S.A.E. tables do not consider these factors when calculating the load characteristics of spline couplings. Other design requirements may also restrict the configuration of a spline coupling.

Applications

Spline couplings are a type of mechanical joint that connects 2 rotating shafts. Its 2 parts engage teeth that transfer load. Although splines are commonly over-dimensioned, they are still prone to fatigue and static behavior. These properties also make them prone to wear and tear. Therefore, proper design and selection are vital to minimize wear and tear on splines. There are many applications of spline couplings.
A key design is based on the size of the shaft being joined. This allows for the proper spacing of the keys. A novel method of hobbing allows for the formation of tapered bases without interference, and the root of the keys is concentric with the axis. These features enable for high production rates. Various applications of spline couplings can be found in various industries. To learn more, read on.
FE based methodology can predict the wear rate of spline couplings by including the evolution of the coefficient of friction. This method can predict fretting wear from simple round-on-flat geometry, and has been calibrated with experimental data. The predicted wear rate is reasonable compared to the experimental data. Friction evolution in spline couplings depends on the spline geometry. It is also crucial to consider the lubrication condition of the splines.
Using a spline coupling reduces backlash and ensures proper alignment of mated components. The shaft’s splined tooth form transfers rotation from the splined shaft to the internal splined member, which may be a gear or other rotary device. A spline coupling’s root strength and torque requirements determine the type of spline coupling that should be used.
The spline root is usually flat and has a crown on 1 side. The crowned spline has a symmetrical crown at the centerline of the face-width of the spline. As the spline length decreases toward the ends, the teeth are becoming thinner. The tooth diameter is measured in pitch. This means that the male spline has a flat root and a crowned spline.
splineshaft

Predictability

Spindle couplings are used in rotating machinery to connect 2 shafts. They are composed of 2 parts with teeth that engage each other and transfer load. Spline couplings are commonly over-dimensioned and are prone to static and fatigue behavior. Wear phenomena are also a common problem with splines. To address these issues, it is essential to understand the behavior and predictability of these couplings.
Dynamic behavior of spline-rotor couplings is often unclear, particularly if the system is not integrated with the rotor. For example, when a misalignment is not present, the main response frequency is 1 X-rotating speed. As the misalignment increases, the system starts to vibrate in complex ways. Furthermore, as the shaft orbits depart from the origin, the magnitudes of all the frequencies increase. Thus, research results are useful in determining proper design and troubleshooting of rotor systems.
The model of misaligned spline couplings can be obtained by analyzing the stress-compression relationships between 2 spline pairs. The meshing force model of splines is a function of the system mass, transmitting torque, and dynamic vibration displacement. This model holds when the dynamic vibration displacement is small. Besides, the CZPT stepping integration method is stable and has high efficiency.
The slip distributions are a function of the state of lubrication, coefficient of friction, and loading cycles. The predicted wear depths are well within the range of measured values. These predictions are based on the slip distributions. The methodology predicts increased wear under lightly lubricated conditions, but not under added lubrication. The lubrication condition and coefficient of friction are the key factors determining the wear behavior of splines.

China OEM AISI 4140 Alloy Steel/42CrMo4/42crmos4/1.7225/Scm440/42CrMo/Flat Bar/Steel Block/Round Bar     wholesaler China OEM AISI 4140 Alloy Steel/42CrMo4/42crmos4/1.7225/Scm440/42CrMo/Flat Bar/Steel Block/Round Bar     wholesaler