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China factory Factory 2022 Trailer Axle Made in China axle bearing

Product Description

Product Specification

Axle Type           L4 Wheer Fixing           Bearing
Max L2   L3   GM Center Studs      L1  Rimis  Axle
Capacity Track Brake Size Center Axle Tube Distance D1 D2 Total Recommended Weight
(T) (mm) (mm) Distance of (mm) of Brake P.C.D. Hole Length to use (kg)
      Spring Seat   Chamber (mm) Diameter (mm)    
      (mm)   (mm)   (mm)      
CK12FB03G1DE 12 1840 ∈420×180 ≥940 150x150x12 440 10-M22x1.5 335 281 2172 7.5V-20 380 (Ouer)33213(lnner)33118
CK13FB03G2DE 13 1840 ∈420×200 ≥940 150x150x12 375 10-M22x1.5 335 281 2170 7.5V-20 381
CK14FB03G2FG 14 1860 ∈420×200 ≥950 150x150x14 380 10-M22x1.5 335 281 2222 8.00V-20 412 (Outer)33215 dnneri32219
CK16FB0GG2HI  16 1860 ∈420×200 ≥950 150x150x16 380 10-M22x1.5 335 281 2293 8.50V-20 439 (Outer)32314(lnner)32222
CK18FBC3GHI 18 1860 ∈420×220 ≥950 150x150x18 380 10-M22x1.5 335 281 2293 8.50V-20 454  (Outer)32314(lnner)32222

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FAQ

 

FAQ:

1. Q:What’s your best price for this product?

A: We will quote you best price according to your quantity, so when you making an inquiry, please let us know the quantity you want.The more quantity the better price.

 

2. Q:How about the quality of this product?

A: Our products are certified to ISO9001, TS16949 international quality standards. We compay have very strict Quality Control Systems.

 

3. Q:What material of the product can you supply?

A: Steel 

 

4. Q:What’s your MOQ? 

A: 10pcs for each model. We hope you can buy more to save more money.

 

5. Q:What’s the delivery time?

A: For products that are in stock, we can ship it within 7 days after receiving your payment. For custom order, quantity within 24 tons, production time is 12-20 days after confirmed every details.

 

6. Q:What’s your packing?

A:Our usual packing for this product is pallet, we can also supply you packing according to your requirements.

 

7. Q:Can we custom our own logo or label on this product?

A: Yes, you can. we support logo print & stamping & label print, print will be free if the logo is not very complex.
 

8. Q:What about the warranty?

A: We are very confident in our products, and we pack them very well to make sure the goods in well protection.

 

To avoid any subsequent trouble regarding quality issue, we suggest that you check the springs once you receive them. If there is any transport damaged or quality issue, don’t forget take the detail pictrues and contact us as soon as possible,we will properly handle it, make sure your loss to reduce to the smallest .

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After-sales Service: After Sales Service
Condition: New
Application: Trailer
Certification: CE, ISO
Material: Steel
Type: Front Axles
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle

Are there guidelines for choosing the right axle for towing heavy loads?

When it comes to towing heavy loads, selecting the appropriate axle is crucial for ensuring safe and efficient towing performance. While the specific guidelines may vary depending on the vehicle and towing requirements, there are general considerations to keep in mind when choosing the right axle. Here’s a detailed explanation of the guidelines for selecting the right axle for towing heavy loads:

Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR):

One of the primary factors to consider is the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) provided by the vehicle manufacturer. The GAWR specifies the maximum weight that an axle is designed to support safely. It is essential to ensure that the selected axle’s GAWR is sufficient to handle the anticipated weight of the loaded trailer and any additional cargo or passengers in the towing vehicle. Exceeding the GAWR can lead to axle failure, compromised handling, and safety risks.

Towing Capacity:

Check the towing capacity of your vehicle, which represents the maximum weight that the vehicle is rated to tow. The axle’s capacity should align with the towing capacity to ensure safe and efficient towing. Consider the type and size of the trailer you intend to tow, including its loaded weight, tongue weight, and any weight distribution considerations. The axle should be capable of handling the anticipated load without exceeding its capacity.

Matching Axle and Suspension:

The axle and suspension system work together to support the weight of the vehicle and the trailer being towed. It is important to ensure that the axle and suspension are properly matched to provide adequate support and stability. Consider the type of suspension (leaf springs, coil springs, air suspension) and the axle’s design (solid axle, independent suspension) to ensure compatibility and optimal towing performance.

Braking System:

When towing heavy loads, the braking system plays a critical role in maintaining control and safety. Ensure that the axle is equipped with appropriate brakes that can handle the increased load. Consider the type of brakes, such as electric brakes or hydraulic brakes, and their capacity to provide sufficient stopping power for the combined weight of the towing vehicle and trailer.

Weight Distribution:

Proper weight distribution is essential for safe towing. The axle should be selected based on the anticipated weight distribution between the towing vehicle and the trailer. Consider factors like tongue weight and the use of weight distribution hitches or sway control devices to ensure balanced weight distribution and optimal handling characteristics.

Consult Manufacturer Recommendations:

Always refer to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations, specifications, and guidelines when selecting an axle for towing heavy loads. The manufacturer’s guidelines will provide accurate and vehicle-specific information to help you make the right choice. Consult the owner’s manual or contact the manufacturer directly for any specific towing-related recommendations.

It’s important to note that towing requirements and axle specifications can vary depending on the vehicle make and model, as well as regional regulations. It is advisable to consult with automotive experts, such as mechanics or dealerships, who have expertise in towing and can provide specific recommendations based on your vehicle and towing needs.

axle

Where can I purchase high-quality replacement axles for my make and model of vehicle?

When it comes to purchasing high-quality replacement axles for your specific make and model of vehicle, there are several reliable sources you can consider. Here are some options:

  1. Authorized Dealerships:
  2. Authorized dealerships of your vehicle’s manufacturer are a trustworthy option for purchasing replacement axles. They offer genuine parts that are specifically designed and engineered for your make and model. Contact your local dealership’s parts department to inquire about the availability of replacement axles.

  3. Independent Auto Parts Stores:
  4. Independent auto parts stores often carry a wide range of replacement axles from reputable manufacturers. These stores typically have knowledgeable staff who can help you identify the correct axle for your vehicle. Examples of popular auto parts stores include AutoZone, Advance Auto Parts, and O’Reilly Auto Parts.

  5. Online Retailers:
  6. Online retailers provide a convenient way to browse and purchase replacement axles from the comfort of your home. Websites such as Amazon, eBay, and RockAuto offer extensive selections of axles for various vehicle makes and models. Be sure to verify the compatibility of the axles with your specific vehicle before making a purchase.

  7. Specialty Performance Retailers:
  8. If you are looking for high-performance or upgraded axles, specialty performance retailers may be the way to go. These retailers cater to enthusiasts and offer axles that are designed to handle increased power, torque, or off-road demands. Examples of specialty performance retailers include Summit Racing, Jegs, and 4 Wheel Parts.

  9. Local Salvage Yards:
  10. Salvage yards, also known as junkyards or auto recyclers, can be a cost-effective option for finding used axles in good condition. Some salvage yards have an inventory system that allows you to search for specific parts based on your vehicle’s make and model. It’s important to thoroughly inspect used axles before purchase to ensure they meet your requirements.

  11. Vehicle Manufacturer’s Online Parts Store:
  12. Many vehicle manufacturers have their own online parts stores where you can directly purchase genuine replacement parts, including axles. These online stores provide the assurance of authenticity and compatibility with your specific make and model. Visit the official website of your vehicle’s manufacturer and look for their parts store section.

When purchasing replacement axles, it’s important to prioritize quality and ensure that the parts meet or exceed the original equipment specifications. Consider factors such as warranty coverage, customer reviews, and the reputation of the manufacturer or retailer. Additionally, consult with knowledgeable professionals or refer to your vehicle’s owner’s manual for specific axle specifications and recommendations.

axle

How do solid axles differ from independent axles in terms of performance?

When comparing solid axles and independent axles in terms of performance, there are several key differences to consider. Both types of axles have their advantages and disadvantages, and their suitability depends on the specific application and desired performance characteristics. Here’s a comparison of solid axles and independent axles:

Aspect Solid Axles Independent Axles
Load-Bearing Capability Solid axles have high load-bearing capability due to their robust and sturdy construction. They can handle heavy loads and provide excellent stability, making them suitable for off-road vehicles, heavy-duty trucks, and towing applications. Independent axles typically have lower load-bearing capability compared to solid axles. They are designed for lighter loads and offer improved ride comfort and handling characteristics. They are commonly used in passenger cars, sports cars, and vehicles with a focus on maneuverability and road performance.
Wheel Articulation Solid axles have limited wheel articulation due to their connected and rigid design. This can result in reduced traction and compromised wheel contact with the ground on uneven terrain. However, solid axles provide excellent traction in situations where the weight distribution on all wheels needs to be maintained, such as in off-road or rock-crawling applications. Independent axles offer greater wheel articulation as each wheel can move independently of the others. This allows the wheels to better conform to uneven terrain, maximizing traction and maintaining contact with the ground. Independent axles provide improved off-road capability, enhanced handling, and better ride comfort.
Ride Comfort Due to their rigid design, solid axles generally provide a stiffer and less compliant ride compared to independent axles. They transmit more road shocks and vibrations to the vehicle’s occupants, resulting in a rougher ride quality. Independent axles are known for providing better ride comfort. Each wheel can react independently to road imperfections, absorbing shocks and vibrations more effectively. This leads to a smoother and more comfortable ride, particularly on paved roads and surfaces with minor irregularities.
Handling and Stability Solid axles offer excellent stability due to their connected nature. They provide better resistance to lateral forces, making them suitable for high-speed stability and towing applications. However, the rigid axle design can limit overall handling and maneuverability, particularly in tight corners or during quick direction changes. Independent axles generally offer improved handling and maneuverability. Each wheel can react independently to steering inputs, allowing for better cornering performance and agility. Independent axles are commonly found in vehicles where precise handling and responsive steering are desired, such as sports cars and performance-oriented vehicles.
Maintenance and Repair Solid axles are relatively simpler in design and have fewer moving parts, making them easier to maintain and repair. They are often more resistant to damage and require less frequent servicing. However, if a component within the axle assembly fails, the entire axle may need to be replaced. Independent axles are typically more complex in design and have multiple moving parts, such as control arms, CV joints, or bearings. This complexity can result in higher maintenance and repair costs. However, if a failure occurs, only the affected component needs to be replaced, reducing repair expenses compared to replacing the entire axle.

It’s important to note that advancements in suspension and axle technologies have resulted in various hybrid systems that combine features of solid and independent axles. These systems aim to provide a balance between load-bearing capability, wheel articulation, ride comfort, and handling performance based on specific application requirements.

In summary, solid axles excel in load-bearing capability, stability, and durability, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications and off-road conditions. Independent axles offer improved ride comfort, better wheel articulation, enhanced handling, and maneuverability, making them suitable for passenger cars and vehicles focused on road performance. The choice between solid axles and independent axles depends on the specific needs and priorities of the vehicle or machinery.

China factory Factory 2022 Trailer Axle Made in China   axle bearingChina factory Factory 2022 Trailer Axle Made in China   axle bearing
editor by CX 2024-02-17

China best China Factory Bicycle Parts Bottom Bracket Sealed Bearing Bb Set Mountain Bike Bicycle Middle Axle axle extender

Product Description

China Factory Bicycle Parts Bottom Bracket Sealed Bearing Bb Set Mountain Bike Bicycle Middle Axle
 

Product Description

 

Product  Information
Model: TJ-HUB-003
Diameter: a). 3/8″,5/16”  
Size: 130-150mm  
Color: a). UCP b). ED
Material: Steel  
Hub Cone: a). Normal Cone  
Hub Lock Nut: a). 3/8″,5/16”  
Nut: a). Normal Nut b). Flange Nut
Spacer: Yes  
Total Pieces: 7 Pieces or as order  
Brand Name: OEM  
Applicable Bicycle: Road Bicycle, Traditional Bicycle,MTB
Minimum Order Quantity: 1000 Sets  
Place of Origin: HangZhou, ZheJiang , China  
Shipping Port: a). ZheJiang  
Packaging Details: a). 200 pcs /Ctn  
Delivery Time: a). 15days after receiving deposit  
Payment Terms: a). T/T b). L/C
Supply Ability: 50,000 pieces per week  

  

Packaging & Shipping

QTY: 200PCS
G.W: 29KGS
Sets: 13 PCS
MEAS: 32X23X25CM
Delivery Time: 15-30 days as order quantity

Company Profile

HangZhou Tianjiu Bicycle Parts Co. Ltd located in the biggest bicycle accessory base. We get a wonderful geography, convenient
traffic which near to the Jingzhu and Xihu (West Lake) Dis.g high speed way. And our company is closed to the famous China Bicycle
Accessory Town.

We are professional manufacturer in producing chain wheel&crank, saddle, inner tube, tyre, pedal, front axle, rear axle, MTB bicycle, BMX bicycle, child toys, etc. branded “TIXIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.U”. Meanwhile, we have the autonomy in operation of the import and
export business. Our company has a dozen of great profession product machines. And our productions get a well sale to the bicycle factory and accessories manufactures production all over the country, which based on good quality, cheap price, and perfect after-sales service. So our export sales have been growing year by year. Our productions are spreading over 40 countries and regions including Southeast Asia, East Europe, Africa, and South America.

Hard work and CZPT pursuit is our spirit. Quality first and customer first is our principle. Everyone in TIXIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.U Company is sincerely inviting the colleague all over the world to have cooperation and a better future.

Our Advantages

1. Manufacturer
2. Fashion design
3. Best service
4. Super quality
5. Reasonable price
6. Small MOQ
7. Well-deserved reputation
8. Fast delivery&convient transportation
9. Good after-sales service
 

FAQ

 

After-sales Service: Yes
Condition: New
Certification: CE, ISO9001
Customized: Non-Customized
Application: Kids Bike, Road Bike, Mountain Bike, Ordinary Bicycle
Position: Middle
Samples:
US$ 0/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle

Where can I buy axle seals for preventing fluid leaks in my vehicle’s axles?

When it comes to purchasing axle seals to prevent fluid leaks in your vehicle’s axles, there are several options available. Here are some places where you can buy axle seals:

1. Automotive Parts Stores:

Visit local automotive parts stores such as AutoZone, Advance Auto Parts, O’Reilly Auto Parts, or NAPA Auto Parts. These stores typically have a wide range of automotive seals, including axle seals, in stock. You can either visit the physical store or check their online catalogs to find the specific axle seal you need for your vehicle.

2. Dealerships:

If you prefer to purchase genuine OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) axle seals, consider visiting a dealership authorized by your vehicle’s manufacturer. Dealerships often carry original parts that are specifically designed for your vehicle make and model. Contact your local dealership’s parts department to inquire about the availability of axle seals for your vehicle.

3. Online Retailers:

Online retailers like Amazon, eBay, and RockAuto offer a wide range of automotive parts, including axle seals. These platforms provide the convenience of browsing and purchasing axle seals from the comfort of your home. Make sure to check the product details, specifications, and customer reviews before making a purchase.

4. Local Mechanics and Repair Shops:

Local mechanics and repair shops often have access to a variety of automotive seals, including axle seals. They can source and install the appropriate seals for your vehicle during maintenance or repair services. Reach out to trusted local mechanics or repair shops in your area and inquire about their availability and pricing for axle seals.

5. Manufacturer’s Online Stores:

Some vehicle manufacturers have their own online stores where you can purchase genuine OEM parts, including axle seals. Visit the official website of your vehicle’s manufacturer and look for their online parts store. You can search for the specific axle seal needed for your vehicle using your vehicle identification number (VIN) or the model details.

6. Salvage Yards:

If you are looking for cost-effective options or rare axle seals, salvage yards can be an option. Salvage yards specialize in selling used parts salvaged from vehicles. However, when purchasing from salvage yards, it’s important to carefully inspect the condition and compatibility of the axle seals to ensure they are suitable for your vehicle.

When purchasing axle seals, make sure to provide accurate information about your vehicle’s make, model, and year to ensure you get the correct seals that fit your vehicle’s axle specifications. Additionally, consider factors such as the quality of the seals, warranty options, and return policies when making your purchase decision.

Remember, if you are unsure about the specific axle seals required for your vehicle or need assistance with installation, it is recommended to consult with a qualified mechanic or technician who can guide you in selecting the right seals and ensure proper installation to prevent fluid leaks in your vehicle’s axles.

axle

Are there specific maintenance tips to extend the lifespan of my vehicle’s axles?

Maintaining the axles of your vehicle is crucial for ensuring their longevity, performance, and overall safety. Here are some specific maintenance tips to extend the lifespan of your vehicle’s axles:

  1. Regular Inspection:
  2. Perform regular visual inspections of the axles to check for any signs of damage, leaks, or excessive wear. Look for cracks, bends, or rust on the axle housing, and inspect the axle shafts, seals, and boots. Early detection of issues can help prevent further damage and costly repairs.

  3. Lubrication:
  4. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for axle lubrication. Proper lubrication helps reduce friction and wear on the axle components. Regularly check the axle’s lubricant level and quality, and replace it as necessary. Use the recommended lubricant type and viscosity for your specific axle.

  5. Seal Inspection and Replacement:
  6. Check the axle seals for any signs of leaks, such as fluid accumulation around the axle ends. Leaking seals can allow contaminants to enter the axle assembly, leading to premature wear and damage. Replace worn or damaged seals promptly to maintain proper lubrication and prevent contamination.

  7. Proper Loading and Towing:
  8. Ensure that you do not exceed the weight capacity of your vehicle’s axles. Overloading or towing beyond the recommended limits can put excessive stress on the axles, leading to premature wear or failure. Be mindful of the payload and towing capacity specified by the vehicle manufacturer.

  9. Driving Techniques:
  10. Adopt proper driving techniques to minimize stress on the axles. Avoid sudden acceleration, aggressive cornering, and harsh braking, as these actions can subject the axles to excessive forces. Additionally, be cautious when driving over rough terrain or obstacles to prevent impacts that could damage the axles.

  11. Regular Wheel Alignment:
  12. Maintain proper wheel alignment to prevent excessive strain on the axles. Misaligned wheels can put uneven loads on the axles, leading to accelerated wear. Regularly check and adjust the wheel alignment as per the manufacturer’s recommendations.

  13. Proper Tire Inflation:
  14. Ensure that your vehicle’s tires are properly inflated according to the recommended tire pressure. Underinflated or overinflated tires can affect the load distribution on the axles and increase the risk of axle damage. Regularly check and maintain the correct tire pressure.

  15. Service Intervals:
  16. Follow the recommended service intervals for your vehicle, which may include axle inspections, lubricant changes, and other maintenance tasks. Adhering to these intervals ensures that the axles are properly maintained and any potential issues are addressed in a timely manner.

It’s important to consult your vehicle’s owner’s manual for specific maintenance guidelines and intervals provided by the manufacturer. Additionally, if you notice any unusual noises, vibrations, or handling issues related to the axles, it is advisable to have your vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic to identify and address any potential axle problems promptly.

axle

How do solid axles differ from independent axles in terms of performance?

When comparing solid axles and independent axles in terms of performance, there are several key differences to consider. Both types of axles have their advantages and disadvantages, and their suitability depends on the specific application and desired performance characteristics. Here’s a comparison of solid axles and independent axles:

Aspect Solid Axles Independent Axles
Load-Bearing Capability Solid axles have high load-bearing capability due to their robust and sturdy construction. They can handle heavy loads and provide excellent stability, making them suitable for off-road vehicles, heavy-duty trucks, and towing applications. Independent axles typically have lower load-bearing capability compared to solid axles. They are designed for lighter loads and offer improved ride comfort and handling characteristics. They are commonly used in passenger cars, sports cars, and vehicles with a focus on maneuverability and road performance.
Wheel Articulation Solid axles have limited wheel articulation due to their connected and rigid design. This can result in reduced traction and compromised wheel contact with the ground on uneven terrain. However, solid axles provide excellent traction in situations where the weight distribution on all wheels needs to be maintained, such as in off-road or rock-crawling applications. Independent axles offer greater wheel articulation as each wheel can move independently of the others. This allows the wheels to better conform to uneven terrain, maximizing traction and maintaining contact with the ground. Independent axles provide improved off-road capability, enhanced handling, and better ride comfort.
Ride Comfort Due to their rigid design, solid axles generally provide a stiffer and less compliant ride compared to independent axles. They transmit more road shocks and vibrations to the vehicle’s occupants, resulting in a rougher ride quality. Independent axles are known for providing better ride comfort. Each wheel can react independently to road imperfections, absorbing shocks and vibrations more effectively. This leads to a smoother and more comfortable ride, particularly on paved roads and surfaces with minor irregularities.
Handling and Stability Solid axles offer excellent stability due to their connected nature. They provide better resistance to lateral forces, making them suitable for high-speed stability and towing applications. However, the rigid axle design can limit overall handling and maneuverability, particularly in tight corners or during quick direction changes. Independent axles generally offer improved handling and maneuverability. Each wheel can react independently to steering inputs, allowing for better cornering performance and agility. Independent axles are commonly found in vehicles where precise handling and responsive steering are desired, such as sports cars and performance-oriented vehicles.
Maintenance and Repair Solid axles are relatively simpler in design and have fewer moving parts, making them easier to maintain and repair. They are often more resistant to damage and require less frequent servicing. However, if a component within the axle assembly fails, the entire axle may need to be replaced. Independent axles are typically more complex in design and have multiple moving parts, such as control arms, CV joints, or bearings. This complexity can result in higher maintenance and repair costs. However, if a failure occurs, only the affected component needs to be replaced, reducing repair expenses compared to replacing the entire axle.

It’s important to note that advancements in suspension and axle technologies have resulted in various hybrid systems that combine features of solid and independent axles. These systems aim to provide a balance between load-bearing capability, wheel articulation, ride comfort, and handling performance based on specific application requirements.

In summary, solid axles excel in load-bearing capability, stability, and durability, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications and off-road conditions. Independent axles offer improved ride comfort, better wheel articulation, enhanced handling, and maneuverability, making them suitable for passenger cars and vehicles focused on road performance. The choice between solid axles and independent axles depends on the specific needs and priorities of the vehicle or machinery.

China best China Factory Bicycle Parts Bottom Bracket Sealed Bearing Bb Set Mountain Bike Bicycle Middle Axle   axle extenderChina best China Factory Bicycle Parts Bottom Bracket Sealed Bearing Bb Set Mountain Bike Bicycle Middle Axle   axle extender
editor by CX 2023-12-08

China Professional Car Food Tractor Light Trailers Tipping Gooseneck Parts Plant Slack Adjuster Hauler Axle for Camping and Travel Small Trailer axle bearing

Product Description

 

Coupling

As local standard

Taillight

LED light with plug and wire

Suspension

7-leaf spring, 4PCS, 60x7mm

Package

frame in pallet. parts in carton

This is part of the certificate, please contact us if you need more!

We can provide customers with customizable packaging, a large number of goods in stock, and a wide choice of freight routes.

Q1: Can I have a sample order?
A1: Yes, we accept sample order to test and check quality.
Q2: Do you have MOQ limit?
A2: Yes, we have MOQ limit for mass production, but it depends on model. Please contact us for details.
Q3: How about the lead time?
A3: Samples will takes 5-7 business days. Mass production will takes 25-30 days. It depends on quantity.
Q4: How about shipping and delivery time?
A4: Generally, Item will be shipped via Express, such as DHL, TNT, FedEx and UPS, delivery time is 3-7 business days. Airline and sea shipping also available.

In order to better serve customers, we now make the following disclaimer for the product information published on the website that contains text, pictures, and links:

1. The product picture may have a color difference with the actual product due to the different angle and light, as well as the display difference of the monitor. The picture is for reference only, the actual product shall prevail, please contact our staff for more details.

2. It is the customized product, not final retail product. Details, description, pictures, and specifications are subject to the final confirmed order.

3. The price is for reference only, the market price is fluctuating, and the price marked on this page is not the only basis for the final transaction. Please contact our sales staff to confirm the final price.

After-sales Service: 6 Months
Warranty: 6 Months
Type: Semi-Trailer
Samples:
US$ 30500/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

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Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

axle

Can you provide insights into the maintenance of axle bearings for smooth operation?

Maintaining axle bearings is essential for ensuring smooth operation, longevity, and optimal performance of a vehicle’s axle system. Here are some insights into the maintenance of axle bearings:

1. Regular Inspection:

Perform regular visual inspections of the axle bearings to check for any signs of wear, damage, or leaks. Look for indications such as excessive play, unusual noises, vibration, or leakage of grease. Inspections should be carried out as per the manufacturer’s recommended intervals or during routine maintenance checks.

2. Lubrication:

Adequate lubrication is crucial for the smooth operation of axle bearings. Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for the type of lubricant to use and the recommended intervals for greasing. Over-greasing or under-greasing can lead to bearing damage or failure. Ensure that the proper amount of grease is applied to the bearings, and use a high-quality grease that is compatible with the axle bearing specifications.

3. Seal Inspection and Replacement:

Check the condition of the axle bearing seals regularly. The seals help to keep contaminants out and retain the lubricating grease within the bearing. If the seals are damaged, worn, or show signs of leakage, they should be replaced promptly to prevent dirt, water, or debris from entering the bearing assembly and causing damage.

4. Proper Installation:

During axle bearing replacement or installation, it is crucial to follow proper procedures to ensure correct seating and alignment. Improper installation can lead to premature bearing failure and other issues. Refer to the manufacturer’s instructions or consult a professional mechanic to ensure proper installation techniques are followed.

5. Load Capacity and Alignment:

Ensure that the axle bearings are properly sized and rated to handle the load capacity of the vehicle and the specific application. Overloading the bearings can lead to excessive wear and premature failure. Additionally, proper wheel alignment is important to prevent uneven bearing wear. Regularly check and adjust the wheel alignment if necessary.

6. Environmental Considerations:

Take into account the operating conditions and environment in which the vehicle is used. Extreme temperatures, exposure to water, dirt, or corrosive substances can affect the performance of axle bearings. In such cases, additional preventive measures may be necessary, such as more frequent inspections, cleaning, and lubrication.

7. Professional Maintenance:

If you are unsure about performing maintenance on axle bearings yourself or if you encounter complex issues, it is recommended to seek assistance from a qualified mechanic or technician who has experience with axle systems. They can provide expert advice, perform necessary repairs or replacements, and ensure proper maintenance of the axle bearings.

By following these maintenance insights, you can help ensure the smooth operation, longevity, and reliability of axle bearings, contributing to the overall performance and safety of the vehicle.

axle

Are there specific maintenance tips to extend the lifespan of my vehicle’s axles?

Maintaining the axles of your vehicle is crucial for ensuring their longevity, performance, and overall safety. Here are some specific maintenance tips to extend the lifespan of your vehicle’s axles:

  1. Regular Inspection:
  2. Perform regular visual inspections of the axles to check for any signs of damage, leaks, or excessive wear. Look for cracks, bends, or rust on the axle housing, and inspect the axle shafts, seals, and boots. Early detection of issues can help prevent further damage and costly repairs.

  3. Lubrication:
  4. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for axle lubrication. Proper lubrication helps reduce friction and wear on the axle components. Regularly check the axle’s lubricant level and quality, and replace it as necessary. Use the recommended lubricant type and viscosity for your specific axle.

  5. Seal Inspection and Replacement:
  6. Check the axle seals for any signs of leaks, such as fluid accumulation around the axle ends. Leaking seals can allow contaminants to enter the axle assembly, leading to premature wear and damage. Replace worn or damaged seals promptly to maintain proper lubrication and prevent contamination.

  7. Proper Loading and Towing:
  8. Ensure that you do not exceed the weight capacity of your vehicle’s axles. Overloading or towing beyond the recommended limits can put excessive stress on the axles, leading to premature wear or failure. Be mindful of the payload and towing capacity specified by the vehicle manufacturer.

  9. Driving Techniques:
  10. Adopt proper driving techniques to minimize stress on the axles. Avoid sudden acceleration, aggressive cornering, and harsh braking, as these actions can subject the axles to excessive forces. Additionally, be cautious when driving over rough terrain or obstacles to prevent impacts that could damage the axles.

  11. Regular Wheel Alignment:
  12. Maintain proper wheel alignment to prevent excessive strain on the axles. Misaligned wheels can put uneven loads on the axles, leading to accelerated wear. Regularly check and adjust the wheel alignment as per the manufacturer’s recommendations.

  13. Proper Tire Inflation:
  14. Ensure that your vehicle’s tires are properly inflated according to the recommended tire pressure. Underinflated or overinflated tires can affect the load distribution on the axles and increase the risk of axle damage. Regularly check and maintain the correct tire pressure.

  15. Service Intervals:
  16. Follow the recommended service intervals for your vehicle, which may include axle inspections, lubricant changes, and other maintenance tasks. Adhering to these intervals ensures that the axles are properly maintained and any potential issues are addressed in a timely manner.

It’s important to consult your vehicle’s owner’s manual for specific maintenance guidelines and intervals provided by the manufacturer. Additionally, if you notice any unusual noises, vibrations, or handling issues related to the axles, it is advisable to have your vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic to identify and address any potential axle problems promptly.

axle

What is the primary function of an axle in a vehicle or machinery?

An axle plays a vital role in both vehicles and machinery, providing essential functions for their operation. The primary function of an axle is to transmit rotational motion and torque from an engine or power source to the wheels or other rotating components. Here are the key functions of an axle:

  1. Power Transmission:
  2. An axle serves as a mechanical link between the engine or power source and the wheels or driven components. It transfers rotational motion and torque generated by the engine to the wheels, enabling the vehicle or machinery to move. As the engine rotates the axle, the rotational force is transmitted to the wheels, propelling the vehicle forward or driving the machinery’s various components.

  3. Support and Load Bearing:
  4. An axle provides structural support and load-bearing capability, especially in vehicles. It bears the weight of the vehicle or machinery and distributes it evenly across the wheels or supporting components. This load-bearing function ensures stability, balance, and proper weight distribution, contributing to safe and efficient operation.

  5. Wheel and Component Alignment:
  6. The axle helps maintain proper alignment of the wheels or rotating components. It ensures that the wheels are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the ground, promoting stability and optimal tire contact with the road surface. In machinery, the axle aligns and supports the rotating components, ensuring their correct positioning and enabling smooth and efficient operation.

  7. Suspension and Absorption of Shocks:
  8. In vehicles, particularly those with independent suspension systems, the axle plays a role in the suspension system’s operation. It may incorporate features such as differential gears, CV joints, or other mechanisms that allow the wheels to move independently while maintaining power transfer. The axle also contributes to absorbing shocks and vibrations caused by road irregularities, enhancing ride comfort and vehicle handling.

  9. Steering Control:
  10. In some vehicles, such as trucks or buses, the front axle also serves as a steering axle. It connects to the steering mechanism, allowing the driver to control the direction of the vehicle. By turning the axle, the driver can steer the wheels, enabling precise maneuverability and navigation.

  11. Braking:
  12. An axle often integrates braking components, such as brake discs, calipers, or drums. These braking mechanisms are actuated when the driver applies the brakes, creating friction against the rotating axle or wheels and causing deceleration or stopping of the vehicle. The axle’s design can affect braking performance, ensuring effective and reliable stopping power.

Overall, the primary function of an axle in both vehicles and machinery is to transmit rotational motion, torque, and power from the engine or power source to the wheels or rotating components. Additionally, it provides support, load-bearing capability, alignment, suspension, steering control, and braking functions, depending on the specific application and design requirements.

China Professional Car Food Tractor Light Trailers Tipping Gooseneck Parts Plant Slack Adjuster Hauler Axle for Camping and Travel Small Trailer   axle bearingChina Professional Car Food Tractor Light Trailers Tipping Gooseneck Parts Plant Slack Adjuster Hauler Axle for Camping and Travel Small Trailer   axle bearing
editor by CX 2023-12-04

China supplier Bicycle Axle Bike Hub Spindle with Ball Retainer and Quick Release or with Bearing boat trailer axle

Product Description

Bicycle Axle Bike Hub Spindle with Ball Retainer and Quick Release or with Bearing

Detail photo:

Bicycle axle for BMX MTB city bike
Front and rear hub spindle
Axle with ball retainer, with bearing
Customized packing acceptable

About us:

Our Advantages
1.we have sold kids ride on toy to the world for more than 8 years,about 10 salesman 
are waiting to serve for you
 
2.Industry and trade as 1 – we can provide all kinds of goods and professional service
 
3.All certificates you need – CE,EMC,EN71,EN14765,SGS,etc
 
4.Quality assured products – our company have many years of experience in research 
and development of production kids car
 
5.High efficiency delivery schedule – it usually takes 1 month to produce a new order
 
6.After-sale service – any problems after sales,we will solve for you at first time

FAQ
Q1. What is your terms of packing?
A: Generally, we pack our goods in neutral white boxes or brown cartons. If you have legally registered patent, we can pack the goods in your branded boxes after getting your authorization letters for the non-licensed ride on cars.
Q2. What is your terms of payment?
A: 30% as deposit, and 70% before delivery. We’ll show you the photos of the products and packages before you pay the balance.
Q3. What is your terms of delivery?
A: EXW, FOB,CIF,CFR,DAP.
Q4. How about your delivery time?
A: Generally, it will take 25 to 30 days after receiving your advance payment. The specific delivery time depends on the items and the quantity of your order.
Q5. What is your sample policy?
A: We can supply the sample if we have ready parts in stock, but the customers have to pay the sample cost and the courier cost.
Q6. Can I have my own customized product?
A: Yes. Your customized requirements for color, logo, design, package, carton mark, your language manual etc. are very welcome.
Q7. Do you have any certificate of the amusement equipment?
A: We have CCC, CE (EN71, EN14765), SGS, ISO9001 etc.
 

Condition: New
Axle Number: 2
Application: Bicycle
Certification: CE, ISO
Material: Steel
Type: Rear Axles
Samples:
US$ 1/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle spindle

How do I properly inspect an axle spindle for signs of wear or damage?

Inspecting an axle spindle for signs of wear or damage is an important part of vehicle maintenance. Here is a detailed explanation of how to properly inspect an axle spindle:

Before starting the inspection, ensure the vehicle is safely supported on jack stands and the wheels are removed to provide clear access to the axle spindles. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Visual Inspection: Begin by visually examining the axle spindle for any visible signs of wear, damage, or irregularities. Look for the following indications:
    • Cracks or fractures on the spindle surface
    • Bent or warped spindle
    • Signs of excessive corrosion or rust
    • Visible wear patterns or grooves
    • Unusual discoloration or heat marks
  2. Tactile Inspection: Run your fingers along the surface of the spindle to feel for any roughness, pitting, or other abnormalities. Pay attention to any areas that feel excessively rough or have noticeable imperfections.
  3. Bearing Play: Check for excessive play or looseness in the wheel bearing by grasping the wheel at the top and bottom and attempting to move it back and forth. If there is noticeable play, it may indicate worn or damaged wheel bearings, which can affect the spindle’s performance.
  4. Runout Measurement: Using a dial indicator, measure the spindle’s runout. This involves checking for any deviation or wobbling of the spindle when it rotates. Attach the dial indicator to a fixed point on the suspension or brake assembly and position the indicator’s contact point against the spinning spindle. Slowly rotate the spindle and observe the dial indicator’s reading. Excessive runout can indicate a bent or warped spindle.
  5. Brake Component Alignment: Check the alignment of the brake components, including the brake rotor and caliper, in relation to the spindle. Ensure that the rotor sits flush against the spindle surface and that the caliper is properly aligned with the rotor. Misalignment can indicate a bent or damaged spindle.
  6. Seal and Bearing Inspection: If possible, remove the wheel bearing and seal to inspect them for any signs of damage, wear, or leakage. Look for pitting, excessive wear, or damaged seals. Replace the bearings and seals if necessary.

It’s important to note that axle spindle inspection may require specialized tools, such as a dial indicator or bearing puller. If you’re uncomfortable performing the inspection yourself or lack the necessary tools, it’s recommended to have a qualified mechanic or technician inspect the spindle for you.

Regular axle spindle inspections can help identify potential issues early on, allowing for timely repairs or replacements. If you notice any signs of wear, damage, or irregularities during the inspection, it’s advisable to consult a professional for further evaluation and necessary repairs.

In summary, properly inspecting an axle spindle involves a visual and tactile examination for signs of wear or damage, checking for bearing play, measuring runout, assessing brake component alignment, and inspecting the wheel bearings and seals. Follow the recommended steps and consider seeking professional assistance if needed.

axle spindle

What is the role of grease and lubrication in maintaining a healthy axle spindle?

Grease and lubrication play a crucial role in maintaining a healthy axle spindle. The axle spindle is a vital component of a vehicle’s suspension system, and proper lubrication is essential to ensure its longevity and performance. Here’s why grease and lubrication are important:

  • 1. Friction Reduction: One of the primary functions of grease and lubrication is to reduce friction between moving parts. In the axle spindle, there are multiple points of contact where components rotate or slide. Applying grease minimizes friction and heat generation, which can lead to wear and damage if left unchecked.
  • 2. Wear Prevention: Grease forms a protective barrier between metal surfaces, preventing direct metal-to-metal contact. This helps prevent wear and damage to the axle spindle and associated components, such as wheel bearings and hubs.
  • 3. Corrosion Resistance: Grease serves as a protective layer against moisture and corrosive agents. The axle spindle is exposed to the elements, and moisture or road salt can lead to corrosion. Proper lubrication with grease creates a barrier that inhibits corrosion and extends the spindle’s lifespan.
  • 4. Temperature Regulation: Axle spindles can generate heat during operation. Lubrication helps dissipate this heat and maintain the spindle’s temperature within a safe range. Excessive heat can lead to premature component failure.
  • 5. Noise Reduction: Properly lubricated axle spindles result in smoother and quieter operation. Inadequate lubrication can cause squeaks, squeals, or other unwanted noises during vehicle operation.
  • 6. Enhanced Performance: Well-lubricated axle spindles contribute to the overall performance of the vehicle. They ensure that the wheels rotate freely, providing stability, control, and safe handling.
  • 7. Extended Lifespan: Regular maintenance and lubrication can significantly extend the lifespan of the axle spindle and its associated components. This reduces the need for costly replacements and repairs.

Proper lubrication involves selecting the right type of grease or lubricant for the application, as well as adhering to a maintenance schedule that includes cleaning, inspection, and re-greasing as needed. Maintaining a healthy axle spindle through lubrication is essential for the safety and reliability of a vehicle, whether it’s a passenger car, truck, or other heavy-duty vehicle.

axle spindle

What are the common signs of a worn or faulty axle spindle, and how can they be identified?

A worn or faulty axle spindle can exhibit several common signs that indicate potential issues. Here’s a detailed explanation:

Identifying a worn or faulty axle spindle requires careful observation of the vehicle’s behavior and performance. Here are some common signs that may indicate problems with the axle spindle:

  • Uneven Tire Wear: Excessive or uneven tire wear is often a sign of a worn or faulty axle spindle. Inspect the tires regularly and look for patterns of wear, such as excessive wear on the edges, scalloping, cupping, or feathering. Uneven tire wear suggests that the spindle is not properly supporting the wheel assembly or that the alignment is compromised.
  • Steering Instability: A worn or faulty axle spindle can cause steering instability. If you notice that the steering feels loose, imprecise, or requires constant correction while driving, it could be a sign of a problem with the spindle. Pay attention to any vibrations or shimmying sensations felt through the steering wheel, as these can also indicate issues with the axle spindle.
  • Pulling or Drifting: If the vehicle consistently pulls to one side or drifts off-center, it may be due to a worn or faulty axle spindle. This misalignment can cause uneven tire wear and affect the vehicle’s stability and handling. Keep an eye on the vehicle’s tendency to deviate from a straight path while driving on a level road.
  • Noise or Grinding: A worn or faulty axle spindle can produce unusual noises. Listen for any grinding, clicking, or humming sounds coming from the wheel area while driving, especially during turns. These noises may indicate worn or damaged bearings within the spindle assembly, which require immediate attention.
  • Excessive Play or Movement: Check for excessive play or movement in the wheel assembly by firmly gripping the tire at the 12 o’clock and 6 o’clock positions and attempting to rock it back and forth. Excessive play or movement can suggest a worn or loose axle spindle, which can compromise the vehicle’s stability and handling.

If you observe any of these signs, it is recommended to have the axle spindle inspected by a qualified mechanic or technician who can assess the condition of the spindle and perform the necessary repairs or replacement.

In addition to visual inspection and observation of the mentioned signs, specialized diagnostic tools may be used to further evaluate the condition of the axle spindle. These tools can measure wheel alignment, detect excessive play or movement, and identify any abnormalities in the spindle assembly.

Regular maintenance and periodic inspections of the suspension system can help in identifying early signs of axle spindle wear or faults. It’s important to address any issues promptly to prevent further damage and ensure the optimal performance and safety of the vehicle.

In summary, common signs of a worn or faulty axle spindle include uneven tire wear, steering instability, pulling or drifting, unusual noises, and excessive play or movement in the wheel assembly. Careful observation, visual inspection, and professional evaluation can help identify these signs and determine the condition of the axle spindle.

China supplier Bicycle Axle Bike Hub Spindle with Ball Retainer and Quick Release or with Bearing   boat trailer axleChina supplier Bicycle Axle Bike Hub Spindle with Ball Retainer and Quick Release or with Bearing   boat trailer axle
editor by CX 2023-11-16

China Best Sales Bicycle Parts Sealed Bearing Bb Set Mountain Bike Middle Axle cv axle replacement

Product Description

 

Product Description

Item  Axle
Specfication steel
axle 5*6*140mm

 

 

Detailed Photos

 

Packaging & Shipping

Company Profile

ZheJiang HongChi bicycle Co. Ltd located in the biggest bicycle accessory base. We get a wonderful geography, convenient traffic which near to the Jingzhu and Xihu (West Lake) Dis.g high speed way. And our company is closed to the famous China Bicycle Accessory Town.
We are professional manufacturer in producing chain wheel&crank, saddle, inner tube, tyre, pedal, front axle, rear axle, MTB bicycle, BMX bicycle, child toys, etc. branded “HongChi”. Meanwhile, we have the autonomy in operation of the import and export business. Our company has a dozen of great profession product machines. And our productions get a well sale to the bicycle factory and accessories manufactures production all over the country, which based on good quality, cheap price, and perfect after-sales service. So our export sales have been growing year by year. Our productions are spreading over 40 countries and regions including Southeast Asia, East Europe, Africa, and South America.
Hard work and CZPT pursuit is our spirit. Quality first and customer first is our principle. Everyone in HongChi Company is sincerely inviting the colleague all over the world to have cooperation and a better future

Our Advantages

1. Q: Can I get some samples?
A: We are honored to offer you samples for quality check. mini bikes for sale
2. Q: Do you have the products in stock?     
A: Yes, We have sample for several models now could supply to you. 
3. Q: Can I have my own customized product? 
A: Yes. Your customized requirements for color, logo, design, package, carton mark, your language manual etc. are very welcome. balance bike 
4. Q: Can I mix different models in 1 container? 
A: Yes. Different models can be mixed in 1 container. 
5. Q: What’s the payment terms you can accept?    
A:We accept T/T,Western Union.  

Condition: New
Certification: CE, ISO9001
Customized: Customized
Application: Kids Bike, Road Bike, Mountain Bike, Ordinary Bicycle, MTB
Material: Steel
Transport Package: Carton
Samples:
US$ 0/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle

Where can I buy axle seals for preventing fluid leaks in my vehicle’s axles?

When it comes to purchasing axle seals to prevent fluid leaks in your vehicle’s axles, there are several options available. Here are some places where you can buy axle seals:

1. Automotive Parts Stores:

Visit local automotive parts stores such as AutoZone, Advance Auto Parts, O’Reilly Auto Parts, or NAPA Auto Parts. These stores typically have a wide range of automotive seals, including axle seals, in stock. You can either visit the physical store or check their online catalogs to find the specific axle seal you need for your vehicle.

2. Dealerships:

If you prefer to purchase genuine OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) axle seals, consider visiting a dealership authorized by your vehicle’s manufacturer. Dealerships often carry original parts that are specifically designed for your vehicle make and model. Contact your local dealership’s parts department to inquire about the availability of axle seals for your vehicle.

3. Online Retailers:

Online retailers like Amazon, eBay, and RockAuto offer a wide range of automotive parts, including axle seals. These platforms provide the convenience of browsing and purchasing axle seals from the comfort of your home. Make sure to check the product details, specifications, and customer reviews before making a purchase.

4. Local Mechanics and Repair Shops:

Local mechanics and repair shops often have access to a variety of automotive seals, including axle seals. They can source and install the appropriate seals for your vehicle during maintenance or repair services. Reach out to trusted local mechanics or repair shops in your area and inquire about their availability and pricing for axle seals.

5. Manufacturer’s Online Stores:

Some vehicle manufacturers have their own online stores where you can purchase genuine OEM parts, including axle seals. Visit the official website of your vehicle’s manufacturer and look for their online parts store. You can search for the specific axle seal needed for your vehicle using your vehicle identification number (VIN) or the model details.

6. Salvage Yards:

If you are looking for cost-effective options or rare axle seals, salvage yards can be an option. Salvage yards specialize in selling used parts salvaged from vehicles. However, when purchasing from salvage yards, it’s important to carefully inspect the condition and compatibility of the axle seals to ensure they are suitable for your vehicle.

When purchasing axle seals, make sure to provide accurate information about your vehicle’s make, model, and year to ensure you get the correct seals that fit your vehicle’s axle specifications. Additionally, consider factors such as the quality of the seals, warranty options, and return policies when making your purchase decision.

Remember, if you are unsure about the specific axle seals required for your vehicle or need assistance with installation, it is recommended to consult with a qualified mechanic or technician who can guide you in selecting the right seals and ensure proper installation to prevent fluid leaks in your vehicle’s axles.

axle

Where can I purchase high-quality replacement axles for my make and model of vehicle?

When it comes to purchasing high-quality replacement axles for your specific make and model of vehicle, there are several reliable sources you can consider. Here are some options:

  1. Authorized Dealerships:
  2. Authorized dealerships of your vehicle’s manufacturer are a trustworthy option for purchasing replacement axles. They offer genuine parts that are specifically designed and engineered for your make and model. Contact your local dealership’s parts department to inquire about the availability of replacement axles.

  3. Independent Auto Parts Stores:
  4. Independent auto parts stores often carry a wide range of replacement axles from reputable manufacturers. These stores typically have knowledgeable staff who can help you identify the correct axle for your vehicle. Examples of popular auto parts stores include AutoZone, Advance Auto Parts, and O’Reilly Auto Parts.

  5. Online Retailers:
  6. Online retailers provide a convenient way to browse and purchase replacement axles from the comfort of your home. Websites such as Amazon, eBay, and RockAuto offer extensive selections of axles for various vehicle makes and models. Be sure to verify the compatibility of the axles with your specific vehicle before making a purchase.

  7. Specialty Performance Retailers:
  8. If you are looking for high-performance or upgraded axles, specialty performance retailers may be the way to go. These retailers cater to enthusiasts and offer axles that are designed to handle increased power, torque, or off-road demands. Examples of specialty performance retailers include Summit Racing, Jegs, and 4 Wheel Parts.

  9. Local Salvage Yards:
  10. Salvage yards, also known as junkyards or auto recyclers, can be a cost-effective option for finding used axles in good condition. Some salvage yards have an inventory system that allows you to search for specific parts based on your vehicle’s make and model. It’s important to thoroughly inspect used axles before purchase to ensure they meet your requirements.

  11. Vehicle Manufacturer’s Online Parts Store:
  12. Many vehicle manufacturers have their own online parts stores where you can directly purchase genuine replacement parts, including axles. These online stores provide the assurance of authenticity and compatibility with your specific make and model. Visit the official website of your vehicle’s manufacturer and look for their parts store section.

When purchasing replacement axles, it’s important to prioritize quality and ensure that the parts meet or exceed the original equipment specifications. Consider factors such as warranty coverage, customer reviews, and the reputation of the manufacturer or retailer. Additionally, consult with knowledgeable professionals or refer to your vehicle’s owner’s manual for specific axle specifications and recommendations.

axle

What are the signs of a worn or failing axle, and how can I troubleshoot axle issues?

Identifying the signs of a worn or failing axle is important for maintaining the safety and functionality of your vehicle. Here are some common signs to look out for and troubleshooting steps you can take to diagnose potential axle issues:

  1. Unusual Noises:
  2. If you hear clunking, clicking, or grinding noises coming from the area around the wheels, it could indicate a problem with the axle. These noises may occur during acceleration, deceleration, or when turning. Troubleshoot by listening carefully to the location and timing of the noises to help pinpoint the affected axle.

  3. Vibrations:
  4. A worn or failing axle can cause vibrations that can be felt through the steering wheel, floorboard, or seat. These vibrations may occur at certain speeds or during specific driving conditions. If you experience unusual vibrations, it’s important to investigate the cause, as it could be related to axle problems.

  5. Uneven Tire Wear:
  6. Inspect your tires for uneven wear patterns. Excessive wear on the inner or outer edges of the tires can be an indication of axle issues. Misaligned or damaged axles can cause the tires to tilt, leading to uneven tire wear. Regularly check your tires for signs of wear and take note of any abnormalities.

  7. Difficulty Steering:
  8. A worn or damaged axle can affect steering performance. If you experience difficulty in steering, such as stiffness, looseness, or a feeling of the vehicle pulling to one side, it may be due to axle problems. Pay attention to any changes in steering responsiveness and address them promptly.

  9. Visible Damage or Leaks:
  10. Inspect the axles visually for any signs of damage or leaks. Look for cracks, bends, or visible fluid leaks around the axle boots or seals. Damaged or leaking axles can lead to lubrication loss and accelerated wear. If you notice any visible issues, it’s important to have them inspected and repaired by a qualified mechanic.

  11. Professional Inspection:
  12. If you suspect axle issues but are unsure about the exact cause, it’s advisable to seek a professional inspection. A qualified mechanic can perform a thorough examination of the axles, suspension components, and related systems. They have the expertise and tools to diagnose axle problems accurately and recommend the appropriate repairs.

It’s important to note that troubleshooting axle issues can sometimes be challenging, as symptoms may overlap with other mechanical problems. If you’re uncertain about diagnosing or repairing axle issues on your own, it’s recommended to consult a professional mechanic. They can provide a proper diagnosis, ensure the correct repairs are performed, and help maintain the safety and performance of your vehicle.

China Best Sales Bicycle Parts Sealed Bearing Bb Set Mountain Bike Middle Axle   cv axle replacementChina Best Sales Bicycle Parts Sealed Bearing Bb Set Mountain Bike Middle Axle   cv axle replacement
editor by CX 2023-11-09

China best 3 Axle Board with Fence Side Wall Semi-Trailer axle bearing

Product Description

 

3 Axle New 80t Side Wall  Semitrailer 
 

Container trailer is also called flatbed trailer, the size of the container trailer is 13×2.5×1.5m, so it can carry 2 20ft containers or 1 40ft container, and also other products.

 

Product Description

SIDE WALL SEMI TRAILER 

Tare weight

7500KG

Payload

40-50T

Color

Customized

Size

13000*2500*2700mm

Axle

3 axles  brand optional

Main beam

Heavy duty and extra durability designed I beam; opting for high tensile steel Q345, welded by automatic submerged-arc processes.

top flange 14mm; bottom flange 16mm; middle flange 8 mm ,height 500mm

Tire

11.00R20/12.00R20/11R22.5/12R22.5  optional

Side beam

16# channel steel/U-steel

Cross member

10# channel steel/U-steel

Wheel rim

8.5-20/9.0-20/8.25-22.5/9.0-22.5/9.75  optional

Suspension

Mechanical suspension or air suspension

Leaf spring

10pcs*90mm*13mm

Floor

3mm checkered plate  

Side wall

side wall: 600/800/1000mm  thickness 1.2mm

Kingpin

JOST 2″/3.5″ bolt-in king pin

Landing gear

JOST two-speed, manual operating, heavy duty landing gear

Braking system

WABCO RE6 relay value, T30/30 spring brake chamber; 40L air tanks

Painting

Complete chassis sand blasting to clean rust, 1 coat of anticorrosive prime, 2 coats of final paint

Accessories

One standard tool box

Delivery detail

25 workdays after we received 30% of contract value T/T down payment

 

 

 

Customer Inspect Company

 

 

Packaging & Shipping

 

 

Factory Workshop

 

FAQ

 

1. Who are we?
We are based in ZheJiang , China, start from 2019,sell to Africa(30.00%),South Asia(20.00%),Southeast Asia(20.00%),Mid East(20.00%),Domestic Market(10.00%). There are total about 11-50 people in our office.

2. How can we guarantee quality?
Always a pre-production sample before mass production;
Always final Inspection before shipment;

3.What can you buy from us?
used dump truck,Tractor,howo Dump truck,Used Trailer,Trailer

4. Why should you buy from us not from other suppliers?
The company is an enterprise specializing in the export service of used commercial vehicles, providing one-stop services such as procurement, preparation, inspection, customs declaration, transportation and destination customs clearance for foreign custome

5. What services can we provide?
Accepted Delivery Terms: FOB,CFR,CIF,EXW,FAS,CIP,FCA,CPT,DEQ,DDP,DDU,Express Delivery,DAF,DES;
Accepted Payment Currency:USD,EUR,JPY,CAD,AUD,HKD,GBP,CNY,CHF;
Accepted Payment Type: T/T,L/C,D/P D/A,MoneyGram,Credit Card,PayPal,Western Union,Cash,Escrow;
Language Spoken:English,Chinese,Spanish,Japanese,Portuguese,German,Arabic,French,Russian,Korean,Hindi,Italian

 

After-sales Service: Online Support
Warranty: 1 Year
Type: Semi-Trailer
Load Capacity: 80T
Certification: CE
Grade: Heavy Duty
Samples:
US$ 8000/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle

Where can I buy axle seals for preventing fluid leaks in my vehicle’s axles?

When it comes to purchasing axle seals to prevent fluid leaks in your vehicle’s axles, there are several options available. Here are some places where you can buy axle seals:

1. Automotive Parts Stores:

Visit local automotive parts stores such as AutoZone, Advance Auto Parts, O’Reilly Auto Parts, or NAPA Auto Parts. These stores typically have a wide range of automotive seals, including axle seals, in stock. You can either visit the physical store or check their online catalogs to find the specific axle seal you need for your vehicle.

2. Dealerships:

If you prefer to purchase genuine OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) axle seals, consider visiting a dealership authorized by your vehicle’s manufacturer. Dealerships often carry original parts that are specifically designed for your vehicle make and model. Contact your local dealership’s parts department to inquire about the availability of axle seals for your vehicle.

3. Online Retailers:

Online retailers like Amazon, eBay, and RockAuto offer a wide range of automotive parts, including axle seals. These platforms provide the convenience of browsing and purchasing axle seals from the comfort of your home. Make sure to check the product details, specifications, and customer reviews before making a purchase.

4. Local Mechanics and Repair Shops:

Local mechanics and repair shops often have access to a variety of automotive seals, including axle seals. They can source and install the appropriate seals for your vehicle during maintenance or repair services. Reach out to trusted local mechanics or repair shops in your area and inquire about their availability and pricing for axle seals.

5. Manufacturer’s Online Stores:

Some vehicle manufacturers have their own online stores where you can purchase genuine OEM parts, including axle seals. Visit the official website of your vehicle’s manufacturer and look for their online parts store. You can search for the specific axle seal needed for your vehicle using your vehicle identification number (VIN) or the model details.

6. Salvage Yards:

If you are looking for cost-effective options or rare axle seals, salvage yards can be an option. Salvage yards specialize in selling used parts salvaged from vehicles. However, when purchasing from salvage yards, it’s important to carefully inspect the condition and compatibility of the axle seals to ensure they are suitable for your vehicle.

When purchasing axle seals, make sure to provide accurate information about your vehicle’s make, model, and year to ensure you get the correct seals that fit your vehicle’s axle specifications. Additionally, consider factors such as the quality of the seals, warranty options, and return policies when making your purchase decision.

Remember, if you are unsure about the specific axle seals required for your vehicle or need assistance with installation, it is recommended to consult with a qualified mechanic or technician who can guide you in selecting the right seals and ensure proper installation to prevent fluid leaks in your vehicle’s axles.

axle

Can you recommend axle manufacturers known for durability and reliability?

When it comes to choosing axle manufacturers known for durability and reliability, there are several reputable companies in the automotive industry. While individual experiences and preferences may vary, the following axle manufacturers have a track record of producing high-quality products:

1. Dana Holding Corporation: Dana is a well-known manufacturer of axles, drivetrain components, and sealing solutions. They supply axles to various automotive manufacturers and have a reputation for producing durable and reliable products. Dana axles are commonly found in trucks, SUVs, and off-road vehicles.

2. AAM (American Axle & Manufacturing): AAM is a leading manufacturer of driveline and drivetrain components, including axles. They supply axles to both OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturers) and the aftermarket. AAM axles are known for their durability and are often found in trucks, SUVs, and performance vehicles.

3. GKN Automotive: GKN Automotive is a global supplier of driveline systems, including axles. They have a strong reputation for producing high-quality and reliable axles for a wide range of vehicles. GKN Automotive supplies axles to various automakers and is recognized for their technological advancements in the field.

4. Meritor: Meritor is a manufacturer of axles, brakes, and other drivetrain components for commercial vehicles. They are known for their robust and reliable axle products that cater to heavy-duty applications in the commercial trucking industry.

5. Spicer (Dana Spicer): Spicer, a division of Dana Holding Corporation, specializes in manufacturing drivetrain components, including axles. Spicer axles are widely used in off-road vehicles, trucks, and SUVs. They are known for their durability and ability to withstand demanding off-road conditions.

6. Timken: Timken is a trusted manufacturer of bearings, seals, and other mechanical power transmission products. While they are primarily known for their bearings, they also produce high-quality axle components used in various applications, including automotive axles.

It’s important to note that the availability of specific axle manufacturers may vary depending on the region and the specific vehicle make and model. Additionally, different vehicles may come equipped with axles from different manufacturers as per the OEM’s selection and sourcing decisions.

When considering axle replacements or upgrades, it is advisable to consult with automotive experts, including mechanics or dealerships familiar with your vehicle, to ensure compatibility and make informed decisions based on your specific needs and requirements.

axle

What are the signs of a worn or failing axle, and how can I troubleshoot axle issues?

Identifying the signs of a worn or failing axle is important for maintaining the safety and functionality of your vehicle. Here are some common signs to look out for and troubleshooting steps you can take to diagnose potential axle issues:

  1. Unusual Noises:
  2. If you hear clunking, clicking, or grinding noises coming from the area around the wheels, it could indicate a problem with the axle. These noises may occur during acceleration, deceleration, or when turning. Troubleshoot by listening carefully to the location and timing of the noises to help pinpoint the affected axle.

  3. Vibrations:
  4. A worn or failing axle can cause vibrations that can be felt through the steering wheel, floorboard, or seat. These vibrations may occur at certain speeds or during specific driving conditions. If you experience unusual vibrations, it’s important to investigate the cause, as it could be related to axle problems.

  5. Uneven Tire Wear:
  6. Inspect your tires for uneven wear patterns. Excessive wear on the inner or outer edges of the tires can be an indication of axle issues. Misaligned or damaged axles can cause the tires to tilt, leading to uneven tire wear. Regularly check your tires for signs of wear and take note of any abnormalities.

  7. Difficulty Steering:
  8. A worn or damaged axle can affect steering performance. If you experience difficulty in steering, such as stiffness, looseness, or a feeling of the vehicle pulling to one side, it may be due to axle problems. Pay attention to any changes in steering responsiveness and address them promptly.

  9. Visible Damage or Leaks:
  10. Inspect the axles visually for any signs of damage or leaks. Look for cracks, bends, or visible fluid leaks around the axle boots or seals. Damaged or leaking axles can lead to lubrication loss and accelerated wear. If you notice any visible issues, it’s important to have them inspected and repaired by a qualified mechanic.

  11. Professional Inspection:
  12. If you suspect axle issues but are unsure about the exact cause, it’s advisable to seek a professional inspection. A qualified mechanic can perform a thorough examination of the axles, suspension components, and related systems. They have the expertise and tools to diagnose axle problems accurately and recommend the appropriate repairs.

It’s important to note that troubleshooting axle issues can sometimes be challenging, as symptoms may overlap with other mechanical problems. If you’re uncertain about diagnosing or repairing axle issues on your own, it’s recommended to consult a professional mechanic. They can provide a proper diagnosis, ensure the correct repairs are performed, and help maintain the safety and performance of your vehicle.

China best 3 Axle Board with Fence Side Wall Semi-Trailer   axle bearingChina best 3 Axle Board with Fence Side Wall Semi-Trailer   axle bearing
editor by CX 2023-11-09

China Best Sales Spindle Bearing Double Row Single Row Bearing OEM 20tac47c 7806c, 7807c Angular Contact Ball Bearing CZPT with Great quality

Product Description

Specifications of Bearing

Product Description of angular contact ball bearing

Angular contact ball bearings have inner and outer ring raceways that are displaced relative to each other in the direction of the bearing axis. This means that these bearings are designed to accommodate combined loads, i.e. simultaneously acting radial and axial loads.
The axial load carrying capacity of angular contact ball bearings increases as the contact angle increases. The contact angle is defined as the angle between the line joining the points of contact of the ball and the raceways in the radial plane, along which the combined load is transmitted from 1 raceway to another, and a line perpendicular to the bearing axis.

     The most commonly used designs are:

  • single row angular contact ball bearings.
  • double row angular contact ball bearings.
  • four-point contact ball bearings
  • Applications:

    Single row angular contact ball bearings: machine tool spindles, high frequency motors, gas turbines, centrifuges, small car front wheel, differential pinion shaft, booster pumps, drilling platforms, food machinery, dividing head, fill welder, low-noise cooling towers, electrical and mechanical equipment, painting equipment, machine slot board, arc welding machine.
    Double row angular contact ball bearings: pump, blower, air compressor, various types of transmission, fuel injection pumps, printing machinery, planetary reducer, extraction equipment, cycloid reducer, food packaging machinery, welding machines, electric irons, square box, gravity gun, wire strippers, axle, test analysis equipment, fine chemicals, machinery.

Specifications of angular contact ball bearing 7205C

Product name bearing 7205C
Dimension 25 mm
Brand name OEM
Material chrome steel
Weight 12 g
Hardness 58~62
Quality standard SGS  ISO9

We have all kinds of bearings, just tell me your item number and quantity,best price will be offered to you soon
The material of the bearings, precision rating, seals type,OEM service,etc, all of them we can make according to your requiremen

What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are 2 main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each 1 is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.
splineshaft

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of 2 main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.
splineshaft

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are 2 common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between 2 centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

China Best Sales Spindle Bearing Double Row Single Row Bearing OEM 20tac47c 7806c, 7807c Angular Contact Ball Bearing CZPT     with Great qualityChina Best Sales Spindle Bearing Double Row Single Row Bearing OEM 20tac47c 7806c, 7807c Angular Contact Ball Bearing CZPT     with Great quality

China Hot selling CZPT Tapered Roller Bearing Cylindrical Roller Bearing Needle Roller Bearing Spherical Roller Bearing Thrust Roller Bearing Auto Car Spare Parts Bearings with high quality

Product Description

Timken tapered roller bearing cylindrical roller bearing needle roller bearing spherical roller bearing thrust roller bearing auto car spare parts bearings

 

DSR Bearing provides the Tapered Roller Bearings
 
Name Tapered Roller Bearings
Models Single row/ Double row/ Four row … or customized
We provide High precision & Stable quality
Material 52100 Bearing Steel GCr15, Plastic, Ceramic, Stainless steel etc.
Sealed Type Open / Steel Shield / Rubber Seals
Clearance C0 C2 C3 C4
Tech Precision Ground, Heat Treated, Polished, Hard Chrome Plated
Feature Low noise, corrosion, rust resistance, and long service life
Applications * Hydraulic Cylinders
* Mining & Construction Equipment
* Agricultural Equipment
* Snow Grooming Machines
* Rail & Tramway
* Oil & Gas
* Ship & Port Machinery
* Solar Energy
* Material Handling Equipment
* and many, many more…
Certificate ISO9001:2015
Delivery time 5-30days, determined by the quantity
Payment terms L/C, T/T
Free Sample The sample charge and shipping fee are paid by the buyer.
Stock Great Supplying Ability
Company Type Manufacturer
Factory Address ZheJiang , China.
Office Address ZheJiang , China.
Workers 200+
MOQ 10 pcs standard bearings
10000 pcs customized your brand bearings
OEM policy We can printing your brand (logo, artwork)on the shield or laser engraving your brand on the shield.
We can custom your packaging according to your design
All copyright own by clients and we promised don’t disclose any info.
Packing * Industrial package + outer carton + pallet
* Single box + outer carton + pallet
* Tube package + middle box + outer carton + pallet
* Original packaging + pallet
* According to your requirements
Remark 1. Less than 45kgs, send by Express
2. Between 45 – 150kgs, send by Air
3. More than 150kgs, send by Sea


Tapered roller bearings are separable bearings. The inner components and outer rings can be installed separately. The radial and axial clearances of the bearings can be adjusted during installation and use. They are mostly used for automobile rear axle hubs, large machine tool spindles, and high power. Reducer, rollers of conveying device and support roller and work roller of rolling mill.

*Single row tapered roller bearings
*Matched tapered roller bearings
*Double row tapered roller bearings
*Four-row tapered roller bearings

1)Taper roller bearings consist of 4 independent components: the cone(the inner ring); the cup(the outer ring); the tapered roller(the rolling elements); and the cage(the roller retainers).

2)The bearings have taped inner and outer ring raceways between which tapered rollers are arranged, and the conical rollers are guided by a back-face flange on the cone.

3)The bearings are not self-retaining. As a result, the inner ring together with the rollers and cage can be fitted separately from the outer ring.

4)These bearings are capable of taking high radial loads and axial loads in 1 direction. In addition, the rollers are increased in both size and number giving it an even higher load capacity

5)The axial load carrying is determined by the contact angel. The larger angel, the higher the axial load carrying capacity.

6)Sufix of the bearing:

35710 Series – Tapered Roller Bearings

32000 Series – Tapered Roller Bearings

32200 Series – Tapered Roller Bearings

33000 Series – Tapered Roller Bearings

Features and benefits:

Low friction
Long service life
Enhanced operational reliability
Consistency of roller profiles and sizes
Rigid bearing application
Running-in period with reduced temperature peaks
Separable and interchangeable

Application:

Car, rolling mill, mining, metallurgical, plastic machinery, etc

We can supply following bearing:

ZheJiang CZPT Bearing can supply you with the broadest possible array of bearings. In addition to Ball bearing, Roller bearing, Needle bearing, Pillow Blocks, we manufacture Flange blocks, Rolling mill bearing, Slide bearing and Water pump bearing. Our unparalleled experience as a total manufacturer and exporter for these industries is essential for the development and application of a premier product line for all general industries.

We pride ourselves on our ability to serve every customer, from backyard mechanics, to independent shop owners, to automotive technicians, to large manufacturing plants. Our Target Industries served are Agricultural Equipment, Cranes, Electric Motors, Gearboxes, Material Handling, Packaging Machinery, Power Tools, Pumps, Railways and Transportation, Robotics, and products for Textile Machinery. ZheJiang Bearing Company is a stronger and growing exporter of bearing in China.

In addition to manufacturing commodity-based bearing products, CZPT Bearing makes custom bearing solutions for OEM. ZheJiang CZPT bearing has stringent quality control standards and maintains complete control over supply, using only the highest grade bearing steel.

Our mission is to fully provide for you. Well into our more than Ten years of business, we are confident that you’ll find what you’re looking for in bearing product here. Please call, email, or stop by for more information.
 
We have well facilities and complete equipment strong technology and professional after-sales service.

 

Packing

A. Plastic paper + kraft paper + outer carton + Nylon bag
B. Tube package + outer carton + Nylon bag
C. Single box + outer carton + pallets
D. According to your requirement

Q: Is your company a factory or a trading company?
A: We have our own factory, our type is factory & trade.

Q: What is your company’s minimum order quantity?
A: 1pc.

Q: Could you tell me the material of your bearing?
A: We can provide you with chrome steel, stainless steel, ceramic and carbon steel.

Q: Can you affix my brand name (logo) on these products?
A: Yes, we can customize it for you according to samples or drawings.

Q: Could you supply samples for free?
A: Yes, We are honored to offer you samples for quality check, do you only need to pay for the freight?

Q: Could you offer door to door service?
A: Yes.

Q: How long do I need to wait before my goods arrive?
A: International express delivery takes 3-5days, 5-7 days for air transportation and 35-40 days for sea transportation.

Q: What payment methods do you accept?
A: T/T, L/C.

How to Select:
– Choose the bearing model or size.
–  Pricing adjusts according to the bearing size and quantity.
                                              

             

We are the factory that is willing to accompany with you to grow and develop together, we hope to establish a long-term cooperative relationship with you. And you are very welcome to contact me and visit our factory.

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China Hot selling CZPT Tapered Roller Bearing Cylindrical Roller Bearing Needle Roller Bearing Spherical Roller Bearing Thrust Roller Bearing Auto Car Spare Parts Bearings     with high qualityChina Hot selling CZPT Tapered Roller Bearing Cylindrical Roller Bearing Needle Roller Bearing Spherical Roller Bearing Thrust Roller Bearing Auto Car Spare Parts Bearings     with high quality

China OEM High Speed Double Row OEM 3215A Angular Contact Ball Bearing with high quality

Product Description

Products introduction
Bearing Feature:
Angular Contact Ball Bearing is mainly applied on high speed, high precision and little axial load occasions, such as airplane engine main shaft, machine tool main shaft and main shafts of other high speed precision machine. It can also be applied on high frequency motor, steam turbine, oil pump, air compressor and printing machine etc. It is 1 of the bearings most widely used in machinery industry.
 
Applications:
Single row angular contact ball bearings: machine tool spindles, high frequency motors, gas turbines, centrifuges, small car front wheel, differential pinion shaft, booster pumps, drilling platforms, food machinery, dividing head, fill welder, low-noise cooling towers, electrical and mechanical equipment, painting equipment, machine slot board, arc welding machine 
Double row angular contact ball bearings: pump, blower, air compressor, various types of transmission, fuel injection pumps, printing machinery, planetary reducer, extraction equipment, cycloid reducer, food packaging machinery, welding machines, electric irons, square box, gravity gun, wire strippers, axle, test analysis equipment, fine chemicals, machinery

All technical details as belows:
Material information:

Specification Steel NO. HRC Chemical composition %
C Si Mn Mo S P Cr
GB/T 18254 Gcr 15 61-65 0.95~1.05 0.15~0.35 0.25~0.45 below 0.08 below 0.571 below 0.571 1.40~1.65

Why choose us?
1). The quality assurance:
Product quality is the lifeline of an enterprise. In order to possessing the leading technology, our company implements the quality control system and establishes a technical and strict inspection team. 
2). The convenient & fast transportation to HangZhou port 
Our factory is located in HangZhou city, eaierly transport to the port by car
3). 24- hour customers series online:
High quality, good credit and excellent service are the tenet of our factory. Customers’satisfaction is our lifeline, as well as our highest honor. We will do our best to meet your requirements, and will do better in the future.

FAQ
Q: Are you trading company or manufacturer ?
A: We are manufacturer.
Q: How long is your delivery time?
A: Generally it is 5-10 days if the goods are in stock. or it is 15-20 days if the goods are not in stock, it is according to quantity.
Q: Do you provide samples ? is it free or extra ?
A: Yes, we could offer the sample for free charge but do not pay the cost of freight.
Q: What is your terms of payment ?
A: Payment=1000USD, 30% T/T in advance ,balance before shippment.

Other Related

FAQ:

1. Are you a factory or a trading company?
   We are a professional manufacture of deep groove ball bearings and other bearings.

2. Is OEM available?
    Yes, OEM is available. We have professional designer to help your brand promotion. 

3. Is the sample available?
     Yes, samples are available for you to test the quality.

4. Have the products been tested before shipping?
    Yes, all of our bearings have been tested before delivery.

5. How long is your delivery time?
    As mentioned above, there are different types of shipping for your order. We make sure to deliver goods once all products are produced and tested.

6. What is your terms of payment ?
    You can pay by T/T, L/C, etc., and it can be negotiated according to different orders with different amount.

8.How to stock and maintenance my bearings?
   Do not store bearings directly on concrete floors, where water can condense and collect on the bearing;
Store the bearings on a pallet or shelf, in an area where the bearings will not be subjected to high humidityor extreme temperature that may result in condensation forming;

 

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

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Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control

 

We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

CMM
Projector
Micrometer
Profiloscope
Hardness tester

 

 

Inspection Process

 

1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.

 

Packing Area

 

In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

Applications of Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a highly effective means of connecting 2 or more components. These types of couplings are very efficient, as they combine linear motion with rotation, and their efficiency makes them a desirable choice in numerous applications. Read on to learn more about the main characteristics and applications of spline couplings. You will also be able to determine the predicted operation and wear. You can easily design your own couplings by following the steps outlined below.
splineshaft

Optimal design

The spline coupling plays an important role in transmitting torque. It consists of a hub and a shaft with splines that are in surface contact without relative motion. Because they are connected, their angular velocity is the same. The splines can be designed with any profile that minimizes friction. Because they are in contact with each other, the load is not evenly distributed, concentrating on a small area, which can deform the hub surface.
Optimal spline coupling design takes into account several factors, including weight, material characteristics, and performance requirements. In the aeronautics industry, weight is an important design factor. S.A.E. and ANSI tables do not account for weight when calculating the performance requirements of spline couplings. Another critical factor is space. Spline couplings may need to fit in tight spaces, or they may be subject to other configuration constraints.
Optimal design of spline couplers may be characterized by an odd number of teeth. However, this is not always the case. If the external spline’s outer diameter exceeds a certain threshold, the optimal spline coupling model may not be an optimal choice for this application. To optimize a spline coupling for a specific application, the user may need to consider the sizing method that is most appropriate for their application.
Once a design is generated, the next step is to test the resulting spline coupling. The system must check for any design constraints and validate that it can be produced using modern manufacturing techniques. The resulting spline coupling model is then exported to an optimisation tool for further analysis. The method enables a designer to easily manipulate the design of a spline coupling and reduce its weight.
The spline coupling model 20 includes the major structural features of a spline coupling. A product model software program 10 stores default values for each of the spline coupling’s specifications. The resulting spline model is then calculated in accordance with the algorithm used in the present invention. The software allows the designer to enter the spline coupling’s radii, thickness, and orientation.
splineshaft

Characteristics

An important aspect of aero-engine splines is the load distribution among the teeth. The researchers have performed experimental tests and have analyzed the effect of lubrication conditions on the coupling behavior. Then, they devised a theoretical model using a Ruiz parameter to simulate the actual working conditions of spline couplings. This model explains the wear damage caused by the spline couplings by considering the influence of friction, misalignment, and other conditions that are relevant to the splines’ performance.
In order to design a spline coupling, the user first inputs the design criteria for sizing load carrying sections, including the external spline 40 of the spline coupling model 30. Then, the user specifies torque margin performance requirement specifications, such as the yield limit, plastic buckling, and creep buckling. The software program then automatically calculates the size and configuration of the load carrying sections and the shaft. These specifications are then entered into the model software program 10 as specification values.
Various spline coupling configuration specifications are input on the GUI screen 80. The software program 10 then generates a spline coupling model by storing default values for the various specifications. The user then can manipulate the spline coupling model by modifying its various specifications. The final result will be a computer-aided design that enables designers to optimize spline couplings based on their performance and design specifications.
The spline coupling model software program continually evaluates the validity of spline coupling models for a particular application. For example, if a user enters a data value signal corresponding to a parameter signal, the software compares the value of the signal entered to the corresponding value in the knowledge base. If the values are outside the specifications, a warning message is displayed. Once this comparison is completed, the spline coupling model software program outputs a report with the results.
Various spline coupling design factors include weight, material properties, and performance requirements. Weight is 1 of the most important design factors, particularly in the aeronautics field. ANSI and S.A.E. tables do not consider these factors when calculating the load characteristics of spline couplings. Other design requirements may also restrict the configuration of a spline coupling.

Applications

Spline couplings are a type of mechanical joint that connects 2 rotating shafts. Its 2 parts engage teeth that transfer load. Although splines are commonly over-dimensioned, they are still prone to fatigue and static behavior. These properties also make them prone to wear and tear. Therefore, proper design and selection are vital to minimize wear and tear on splines. There are many applications of spline couplings.
A key design is based on the size of the shaft being joined. This allows for the proper spacing of the keys. A novel method of hobbing allows for the formation of tapered bases without interference, and the root of the keys is concentric with the axis. These features enable for high production rates. Various applications of spline couplings can be found in various industries. To learn more, read on.
FE based methodology can predict the wear rate of spline couplings by including the evolution of the coefficient of friction. This method can predict fretting wear from simple round-on-flat geometry, and has been calibrated with experimental data. The predicted wear rate is reasonable compared to the experimental data. Friction evolution in spline couplings depends on the spline geometry. It is also crucial to consider the lubrication condition of the splines.
Using a spline coupling reduces backlash and ensures proper alignment of mated components. The shaft’s splined tooth form transfers rotation from the splined shaft to the internal splined member, which may be a gear or other rotary device. A spline coupling’s root strength and torque requirements determine the type of spline coupling that should be used.
The spline root is usually flat and has a crown on 1 side. The crowned spline has a symmetrical crown at the centerline of the face-width of the spline. As the spline length decreases toward the ends, the teeth are becoming thinner. The tooth diameter is measured in pitch. This means that the male spline has a flat root and a crowned spline.
splineshaft

Predictability

Spindle couplings are used in rotating machinery to connect 2 shafts. They are composed of 2 parts with teeth that engage each other and transfer load. Spline couplings are commonly over-dimensioned and are prone to static and fatigue behavior. Wear phenomena are also a common problem with splines. To address these issues, it is essential to understand the behavior and predictability of these couplings.
Dynamic behavior of spline-rotor couplings is often unclear, particularly if the system is not integrated with the rotor. For example, when a misalignment is not present, the main response frequency is 1 X-rotating speed. As the misalignment increases, the system starts to vibrate in complex ways. Furthermore, as the shaft orbits depart from the origin, the magnitudes of all the frequencies increase. Thus, research results are useful in determining proper design and troubleshooting of rotor systems.
The model of misaligned spline couplings can be obtained by analyzing the stress-compression relationships between 2 spline pairs. The meshing force model of splines is a function of the system mass, transmitting torque, and dynamic vibration displacement. This model holds when the dynamic vibration displacement is small. Besides, the CZPT stepping integration method is stable and has high efficiency.
The slip distributions are a function of the state of lubrication, coefficient of friction, and loading cycles. The predicted wear depths are well within the range of measured values. These predictions are based on the slip distributions. The methodology predicts increased wear under lightly lubricated conditions, but not under added lubrication. The lubrication condition and coefficient of friction are the key factors determining the wear behavior of splines.

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