Timken tapered roller bearing cylindrical roller bearing needle roller bearing spherical roller bearing thrust roller bearing auto car spare parts bearings
|DSR Bearing provides the Tapered Roller Bearings
|Tapered Roller Bearings
|Single row/ Double row/ Four row … or customized
|High precision & Stable quality
|52100 Bearing Steel GCr15, Plastic, Ceramic, Stainless steel etc.
|Open / Steel Shield / Rubber Seals
|C0 C2 C3 C4
|Precision Ground, Heat Treated, Polished, Hard Chrome Plated
|Low noise, corrosion, rust resistance, and long service life
|* Hydraulic Cylinders
|* Mining & Construction Equipment
|* Agricultural Equipment
|* Snow Grooming Machines
|* Rail & Tramway
|* Oil & Gas
|* Ship & Port Machinery
|* Solar Energy
|* Material Handling Equipment
|* and many, many more…
|5-30days, determined by the quantity
|The sample charge and shipping fee are paid by the buyer.
|Great Supplying Ability
|ZheJiang , China.
|ZheJiang , China.
|10 pcs standard bearings
|10000 pcs customized your brand bearings
|We can printing your brand (logo, artwork)on the shield or laser engraving your brand on the shield.
|We can custom your packaging according to your design
|All copyright own by clients and we promised don’t disclose any info.
|* Industrial package + outer carton + pallet
|* Single box + outer carton + pallet
|* Tube package + middle box + outer carton + pallet
|* Original packaging + pallet
|* According to your requirements
|1. Less than 45kgs, send by Express
2. Between 45 – 150kgs, send by Air
3. More than 150kgs, send by Sea
Tapered roller bearings are separable bearings. The inner components and outer rings can be installed separately. The radial and axial clearances of the bearings can be adjusted during installation and use. They are mostly used for automobile rear axle hubs, large machine tool spindles, and high power. Reducer, rollers of conveying device and support roller and work roller of rolling mill.
*Single row tapered roller bearings
*Matched tapered roller bearings
*Double row tapered roller bearings
*Four-row tapered roller bearings
1)Taper roller bearings consist of 4 independent components: the cone(the inner ring); the cup(the outer ring); the tapered roller(the rolling elements); and the cage(the roller retainers).
2)The bearings have taped inner and outer ring raceways between which tapered rollers are arranged, and the conical rollers are guided by a back-face flange on the cone.
3)The bearings are not self-retaining. As a result, the inner ring together with the rollers and cage can be fitted separately from the outer ring.
4)These bearings are capable of taking high radial loads and axial loads in 1 direction. In addition, the rollers are increased in both size and number giving it an even higher load capacity
5)The axial load carrying is determined by the contact angel. The larger angel, the higher the axial load carrying capacity.
6)Sufix of the bearing:
35710 Series – Tapered Roller Bearings
32000 Series – Tapered Roller Bearings
32200 Series – Tapered Roller Bearings
33000 Series – Tapered Roller Bearings
Features and benefits:
Long service life
Enhanced operational reliability
Consistency of roller profiles and sizes
Rigid bearing application
Running-in period with reduced temperature peaks
Separable and interchangeable
Car, rolling mill, mining, metallurgical, plastic machinery, etc
We can supply following bearing:
ZheJiang CZPT Bearing can supply you with the broadest possible array of bearings. In addition to Ball bearing, Roller bearing, Needle bearing, Pillow Blocks, we manufacture Flange blocks, Rolling mill bearing, Slide bearing and Water pump bearing. Our unparalleled experience as a total manufacturer and exporter for these industries is essential for the development and application of a premier product line for all general industries.
We pride ourselves on our ability to serve every customer, from backyard mechanics, to independent shop owners, to automotive technicians, to large manufacturing plants. Our Target Industries served are Agricultural Equipment, Cranes, Electric Motors, Gearboxes, Material Handling, Packaging Machinery, Power Tools, Pumps, Railways and Transportation, Robotics, and products for Textile Machinery. ZheJiang Bearing Company is a stronger and growing exporter of bearing in China.
In addition to manufacturing commodity-based bearing products, CZPT Bearing makes custom bearing solutions for OEM. ZheJiang CZPT bearing has stringent quality control standards and maintains complete control over supply, using only the highest grade bearing steel.
Our mission is to fully provide for you. Well into our more than Ten years of business, we are confident that you’ll find what you’re looking for in bearing product here. Please call, email, or stop by for more information.
We have well facilities and complete equipment strong technology and professional after-sales service.
A. Plastic paper + kraft paper + outer carton + Nylon bag
B. Tube package + outer carton + Nylon bag
C. Single box + outer carton + pallets
D. According to your requirement
Q: Is your company a factory or a trading company?
A: We have our own factory, our type is factory & trade.
Q: What is your company’s minimum order quantity?
Q: Could you tell me the material of your bearing?
A: We can provide you with chrome steel, stainless steel, ceramic and carbon steel.
Q: Can you affix my brand name (logo) on these products?
A: Yes, we can customize it for you according to samples or drawings.
Q: Could you supply samples for free?
A: Yes, We are honored to offer you samples for quality check, do you only need to pay for the freight?
Q: Could you offer door to door service?
Q: How long do I need to wait before my goods arrive?
A: International express delivery takes 3-5days, 5-7 days for air transportation and 35-40 days for sea transportation.
Q: What payment methods do you accept?
A: T/T, L/C.
How to Select:
– Choose the bearing model or size.
– Pricing adjusts according to the bearing size and quantity.
We are the factory that is willing to accompany with you to grow and develop together, we hope to establish a long-term cooperative relationship with you. And you are very welcome to contact me and visit our factory.
How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings
There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
Stiffness of coupling
The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.
To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
Wear and fatigue failure
The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.